A Beginner’s Guide To Essential Makeup Brushes

Our 20-piece luxury makeup brush collection is the perfect complete set of high-quality brushes for any professional or beginner.

What Do Makeup Brushes Do

Makeup brushes are designed to be the backbone of any beauty routine. They can take your look from a good 7 to a 10 in no time, but with so many varieties on the market, it can be overwhelming to know where to start. This makeup brush guide will help you determine the type of brushes you need and more importantly – how to use them.

The Essential Makeup Brushes for Beginners

1. Foundation Brush

The foundation brush is probably the most daunting of them all, but without a doubt, the most important. Your foundation is the primary makeup step you most need to perfect, it’s your canvas. The traditional foundation brush is flat with flexible bristles that are great for blending liquid or cream foundations.

Start in the middle of your face (where you need the most coverage) and blend in a downward motion. There are many types of foundation brushes from kabuki style to buffer style and even fluffier foundation brushes. They are each unique and provide a different finish to the foundation.

2. Concealer Brush

If you’d rather use a different brush for your concealer instead of your foundation brush, we’d suggest using a small rounded brush or flat topped brush to pat concealer into the skin. This helps make blending more precise and allows you to get into the little nooks and crannies of your face.

3. Powder Brush

This is the obligatory brush, simply because your makeup bag shouldn’t be without it. This brush can be used to apply any type of powder, however, it’s particularly great for pressed or loose powder to set the base you’ve worked so hard on.

4. Blush Brush

Blusher brushes tend to be either rounded or angled, and on the fluffier side – to pick up just the right amount of product. Swirl the bristles into powder blush and apply to the apples of the cheeks, guiding the product upwards towards your cheekbones. Our N6 angled blush brush is perfect for the job.

Ultra-soft angled brush that can be used for applying bronzer, contour, and blush.

5. Contour Brush

For adding definition to the face, an angled brush is a go-to for contouring. The angled shape fits perfectly under the cheekbones, and the soft bristles help blend out for a seamless look.

6. Highlighter Brush

As far as highlighting goes, you honestly don’t need a specific type of brush— even an eyeshadow brush can place highlights down exactly where you want it! However, the type of brush you pick will impact the strength of your highlight. I love our N8 highlight brush. It is fluffy and glides across the cheekbones effortlessly.

This large fluffy face brush is perfect for adding highlight to the highest parts of the face.

7. Eyeshadow Brushes

When it comes to eyeshadow, you’ll need a few different brushes. A flat, rounded brush works best to put product on the lid and brow-bone. A fluffy blending brush is essential for beautifully, softly blended eyeshadow. And to apply product in the narrow eye crease area, you’ll want a smaller type of blending brush with a tapered point.

8. Eyeliner Brush

The one with flat, densely packed bristles becomes an essential tool when achieving winged eyeliner. Use eyeshadow or cream liner products for a precise flick that gets up close and personal with your lash line.

9. Brow Brush

This small, firm and densely packed brush is the one for ‘on fleek’ brows. Having a spoolie on the end is an added bonus and you’ll soon find it’s a hard one to live without.

This brow spoolie is perfect for applying styling products to the brows.

10. Lip Brush

For those with slightly smaller lips, a lip brush can often be a lifesaver – especially when working with a bold colour. As an alternative to applying lipstick straight from the bullet, use the lip brush to remove pigment from the lipstick and apply to lips for ultra definition.

11. Blending Sponge

A blending sponge is a favourite tool for every makeup lover, and perfect for even foundation application.

The Sponge

OK, so forgive us. The beauty sponge is not technically a brush (let’s not get pedantic) but it’s a great tool to have among your stash of brushes. Sponges are a sure-fire way of achieving a flawless base, and actually, they work well for applying any cream or liquid product. We’re assuming you’ve all heard of a beauty blender, which is the holy grail of makeup sponges for many, we’re also big fans of the Butterfly Blender (produced in house), other notable mentions are  Real Techniques Miracle Complexion Sponge (or the diamond one, that’s a good one too). Beauty sponges are particularly amazing for when you have more time in the morning as they can take a little longer than a brush to work their magic.

How to Use Basic Makeup Brushes

1. Stippling Brush

This flat-topped brush helps you build coverage gradually. This brush is suitable for the application of any type of liquid and cream product, while the stippling motion warms up the product to blend it flawlessly for an airbrushed finish.

2. Fan Brush

For the highlighter enthusiasts out there, the fan brush is a game-changer for the ‘highlight on fleek’ look. This is a great brush for experimenting with your highlight because the bristles lightly pick up product for a softer finish, which can also be built up for a more intense look if desired. Sweep the ends of the bristles across your cheekbones in an upwards motion and rock that glow!

3. Smudging Brush

This is the one for those of you wanting to master the smokey eye; its rounded tip will particularly help you when transitioning colours. It’s also great for smudging eyeliner or shadow across the lower or top lash lines.

4. Angled Fluffy Eye Brush

This brush is ideal for when you want a more precise application of eyeshadow. It also works well when winging out your shadow and blending shades together.

Top Tip

We like to keep our makeup brush game relatively strong with many useful duplicates (saves the weekly deep clean) Nothing is better than a fresh set of makeup brushes for your brush collection, but you’re going to need new products to use them with, right?

5. Precision Liner Brush

This brush is small, pointy, and packed full of synthetic hairs to help maintain its shape so you can draw precise lines in even the tiniest places. It is perfect for outlining your lips for lip liner or your lash line for tightlining your eyes. You can also use it for drawing cool, graphic eyeliner.

6. Duo-Fibre Brush

A duo-fibre brush contains two different kinds of bristles with two different lengths. The two types of bristles make the brush more compact at the base and finer toward the top. This brush is great for blending cream blushes and liquid highlighters and even powders and loose pigments.

7. Kabuki Brush

The kabuki brush is known for its short handles and dense hairs. A synthetic kabuki brush can be used to apply liquid foundation or body makeup for a medium-to-full coverage. The density of the brush makes it perfect for packing on superfine powders or mineral foundation for a fuller-coverage finish.

8. Foundation Brush

These types of brushes are typically dense and can be pinched flat (like a paintbrush), or are full, rounded, and dome-shaped. They are used for your mineral makeup or powder foundation. For a perfectly smooth foundation application, start in the middle of your face (cheeks and T-zone) and apply your foundation outward in smooth, even strokes to prevent harsh makeup lines around the edges of your jawline and hairline.

9. Blending Sponge

Many makeup artists and YouTubers opt for sponges to get an airbrushed, streak-free finish. Thanks to their rounded, smooth shape, sponges won’t leave behind any weird lines or stray bristles, and their damp surfaces help sheer out your heavy full-coverage foundation, concealer, or cream blush for a natural finish.

10. Concealer Brush

Concealer brushes are ideal for targeting small, specific areas that you want to be concealed. They are typically made with nylon, which works well to smoothly place liquid or cream concealer formulas down.

11. Powder Brush

If shiny T-zones or under-eye creases are your main annoyance, a powder brush is your new best friend. Depending on the area you’re looking to cover, the size of this brush varies from small to large and typically has long, dense, fluffy bristles. It’s meant to ever-so-lightly “set” your liquid/cream foundations or buff and blend out powder foundations, depending on your needs.

12. Bronzer/Blush Brush

Find a bronzer and/or blush brush with long, fluffy bristles and a dome shape to evenly diffuse your powder pigments.

13. Contour Brush

The contour brush is a versatile tool that can take on many forms. Some have sharp, straight-cut bristles, while others may have an “S” shape to hug the shape of your cheekbones. The slanted contour brush is the most versatile, making it easier to contour your face shape by blending your contour powder cleanly and precisely beneath your cheekbones, jawline, and forehead.

14. Highlighter Brush

The shape of your highlighter brush depends on the level of glow you want. Use a long, tapered brush or a fan brush with very long bristles for a more diffused effect, or grab a brush with short, dense bristles to make even a cheap highlighter look super bright and opaque.

15. Fan Brush

The fan brush is aptly named for its fanned out and flat bristles. These brushes can come in smaller sizes with sparse bristles, or they can expand up to a couple of inches at their widest point and be packed with dense brush hairs. They are perfect for sweeping away fallout or excess setting powder under your eyes or applying highlighter along your cheekbones.

16. Flat Eyeshadow Brush

An eyeshadow shading brush is key for getting an opaque, even layer of colour on your lids. These brushes are typically flat, rounded at the tip, and dense so they can pick up a bunch of powder or cream for a concentrated colour payoff.

17. Eyeshadow Crease Brush

Unlike a shader brush, an eyeshadow blending brush blends out the powders for a really sheer, diffused finish—basically the smoke behind a Smokey eye or the trick to a natural-looking shadow. These brushes are known for their tapered shape and soft, fluffy bristles to help you really blend, blend, and blend without scratching your lids.

18. Pencil Brush

A pencil brush kind of does it all: smudges out your eyeliner, pushes eyeshadow straight into your lash line, helps you precisely blend beneath your lashes, etc. When the other brushes are too big or too fluffy, grab this stiff, dense, tapered brush—especially if you plan to do a Smokey eye or any hazy, blended-out shadow.

19. Smudge Brush

The short, super-dense, packed bristles make this brush ideal for packing on the pigment exactly where you want it, then smearing it out. Because the bristles are wider and flatter than the precision pencil brush, this smudging brush is better for using along the upper and lower lash lines.

20. Eyeliner Brush

An eyeliner brush is one of your smallest brushes. Some have tapered and pointed tips, some have flattened and straight or slanted bristles, and on some eyeliner brushes, the stem is bent at a 45-degree angle to make it a little easier to get into tight spaces.

21. Eyebrow Brush

A dual-ended eyebrow brush has flat, blunt, and angled bristles to help you draw individual brow hairs using brow gel or powder. Use the spoolie side first to shape your brows, then flip it over to the firm, slanted bristles on this small eyebrow brush to fill in sparse brows with eyebrow powder.

22. Lip Brush

A lip brush has the same flattened, curved shape as a concealer brush but is usually smaller so that it can fit in the cupid’s bow and define the lips. Some lip brushes also have caps so you can load it with lipstick and keep it in your bag for quick touch-ups.

The Right Makeup Brushes

Having the right makeup brushes in your collection offers much more versatility and the ability to create endless looks, as well as providing a more professional finish to your makeup. They also help in the application of makeup products more hygienically than using your fingers.

Remember, the key to a flawless makeup application is not just the makeup itself, but also the tools you use to apply it. So, invest in a good set of makeup brushes and learn how to use them properly. Your face will thank you!

FAQs

How to Clean Your Makeup Brushes?

Cleaning your makeup brushes regularly is essential to maintain their quality and prevent the build-up of bacteria that can cause breakouts. Here’s a simple step-by-step guide on how to clean your makeup brushes:

1. Wet the bristles with lukewarm water.
2. Place a drop of makeup brush cleanser or soap into the palm of your hand.
3. Gently massage the tips of the bristles in your palm.
4. Rinse the bristles thoroughly.
5. Squeeze out the excess moisture with a clean towel.
6. Reshape the brush head.
7. Let the brush dry with its bristles hanging off the edge of a counter, which allows it to dry in the correct shape.

Tip
Never let your brushes dry on a towel — the bristles can turn mildew.

How to Use Eye Makeup Brushes?

Eye makeup can be a bit more complicated, but with the right brushes, it can be easy to create a variety of looks. Here’s a simple guide on how to use eye makeup brushes:

1. Use a flat eyeshadow brush to apply a base colour all over the lid.
2. Use a crease brush to apply a darker colour in the crease of the eye.
3. Use a blending brush to blend the colours together and eliminate any harsh lines.
4. Use a small angled brush to apply eyeliner or to fill in the brows.
5. Use a smudge brush to smudge out your eyeliner for a Smokey eye look.
6. Use a pencil brush to apply eyeshadow under the lower lash line for added definition.

How to Use Lip Brushes?

applying lipstick, especially if you’re using a bold colour. Here’s how to use a lip brush:

1. Start by applying lip liner to outline your lips.

2. Dip your lip brush into your lipstick and apply the colour starting in the centre of your lips and working your way out.


3. Use the tip of the brush to define the edges of your lips and to blend the lipstick into the lip liner.

How to Use Makeup Brushes for Contouring?

Contouring can enhance your facial features by creating shadows and highlights. Here’s how to use makeup brushes for contouring:

1. Use a contour brush to apply a contouring product (like a dark powder, cream, or stick) under your cheekbones, along your jawline, on the sides of your nose, and on the edges of your forehead.

2. Use a blending brush to blend the contouring product into your skin, making sure there are no harsh lines.


3. Use a highlighter brush to apply a highlighter to the high points of your face, like the tops of your cheekbones, the bridge of your nose, the centre of your forehead, and your cupid’s bow.

How often should I replace my makeup brushes?

The lifespan of a makeup brush depends on its quality and how well you take care of it. High-quality brushes that are cleaned regularly can last for several years. However, if you notice that your brush is shedding, has a foul smell, or the bristles have become frayed and aren’t picking up product well, it’s time to replace it.

Can I use the same brush for different products?

While you can use the same brush for different products, it’s not recommended. Using the same brush for different products can mix colours and change the effect of the makeup. It’s best to use separate brushes for each product and clean them regularly to maintain their performance.

What’s the difference between natural and synthetic makeup brushes?

Natural makeup brushes are made from animal hair. They’re great for applying powder products and provide a soft and natural finish. However, they require more care and are not recommended for those with allergies to animal hair.

Synthetic makeup brushes are made from man-made materials like nylon or polyester, giving each brush synthetic bristles. They’re great for applying liquid or cream products and are less likely to absorb products than natural brushes. They’re also easier to clean and are a good choice for those who prefer vegan and cruelty-free options.

Understanding Makeup Brushes

Understanding how to use makeup brushes can significantly elevate your makeup application. With the right tools and techniques, you can achieve a professional-looking makeup look right in the comfort of your home. Investing in a good set of brushes and honing your skills can truly enhance your natural beauty.

Remember, practice makes perfect when it comes to using makeup brushes. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t get it right the first time. Keep practising and experimenting with different techniques until you find what works best for you. The journey to mastering makeup application is a process of learning and discovery, so enjoy every step of it. Here’s to happy makeup applying and enhancing your natural beauty!

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